Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) belongs to a species of hardy shrub. It belongs to the Elaeagnaceae family. It is broadly allocated all over the temperate region of Asia, Europe and around the subtropical zones, chiefly at higher altitudes. Currently it’s been cultivated in several parts of the world (Bal et al., 2011). For years people have been using it as a drug in traditional medicine. The polyphenols present in sea buckthorn fruits possesses antioxidant qualities and they help fight human body against the detrimental repercussions of oxidizing radicals (Papuc a et al., 2008). The ecotypes of sea buckthorn are of distinct genetic makeup with distinct biochemical and nutritional expressions (Bal et al., 2011).
It is resistant to drought and cold, useful for land restoration and field conservation. Some of the attributes of sea buckthorn berries consist of anti-inflammation, antimicrobial action, pain relief, promotion of tissue regeneration, ulcers, hepatic disorders, boosting of immune system and safety against cancer and cardiovascular disease. In ophthalmology, keratosis, trachoma, eyelid injuries and conjunctivitis are treated using berry extracts. The plant is also known to kill tiny parasitic mites called Demodex (Bal et al., 2011).
Nutraceautical elements in Sea Buckthorn
It constitutes more than 190 compounds in the seeds, pulp and juice (Do et al., 2013). The berries are very acidic. They are rich in proteins and several nutritious amino acids. Mineral