Seatbelt Safety

2933 WordsMar 20, 201312 Pages
Teenagers and Seatbelt Safety: Identifying the reasons Why 16 to 19 Old High-School Students Do Not Wear Seatbelt Melissa Simmons Research Methodology Prepared for Soheyl Amini PhD September 2012 Objectives The aims and objectives of this study include the following: (1) to identify the percentage of teenagers between the ages of 16 to 19 that do not wear seat belts when in a car; and (2) to identify the reasons why teenagers between the ages of 16 to 19 do not wear seat belts when in a car; (3) to identify whether there is a correlation between sex and seat belt compliance among teenagers; and (4) to determine whether attendance of a driver’s education class increases seat belt compliance among teenagers. Once this…show more content…
Literature Review According to the literature overall, teens have a lower rate of seat belt use when compared to the general population. Whether they are driving or not, teens are less likely to wear a seat belt than adults. According to the National Highway and Transportation Safety Administration (2009), “teens have the highest fatality rate in motor vehicle crashes than any other age group.” In 2009 the majority 56% of young people 16 to 20 years of age involved in fatal crashes were not wearing seat belts (NHTSA, 2009). Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death, accounting for more than one in three deaths. In 2010, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration found that eight teenagers ages 16 to 19 died everyday from motor vehicle accidents. (NHTSA, 2010). Compared with other age groups, teens have the lowest rate of seat belt use. In 2005, 10% of high school students reported that they rarely or never wear seat belts when riding with someone else (NHTSA, 2010). 12.5% of male high school students were more likely than 7.8% of female students to rarely or never wear seat belts (NHTSA, 2010). African-American students 12% and Hispanic students 13% were more likely than white students 10.1% to rarely or never wear seat belts. In 2010, nearly three out of every four teen drivers were killed in motor vehicle crashes after drinking and driving and were not wearing a seat belt (Center
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