Secondary School And Gender Differences Regarding Self Esteem And Coping Research

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In this chapter the main findings of the study are discussed in the light of the current literature in the field of self-esteem and coping research. Recommendations for future research are presented in the view of strengths and limitations of this study.
Initially, this study aimed to explore the levels of self-esteem of early adolescents at the end of primary school and gender differences regarding self-esteem. Secondly, it attempted to examine the type of coping strategies that early adolescents employ and gender differences regarding the different coping strategies. The first main finding of this research indicated that the levels of self-esteem of the early adolescents were low, with the female adolescents scoring low on all scales. In addition, both male and female early adolescents had low levels of self-perception regarding scholastic competence, physical appearance, athletic and job competence, romantic appeal and behavioural conduct. Females were also found to score significantly lower than males on the domains of global self-worth, physical appearance and close friendship. Concerning the second aim of this research, early adolescents have been found to use productive coping strategies in order to deal with their problems, with the strategies ‘Work hard and achieve’ and ‘Focus on solving the problem’ coming first in their repertoire. With respect to the gender differences and coping styles the results of this study revealed that girls reported ‘Referring to others’

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