Security Privacy Confidentiality of Health Information in the Philippines

2076 Words Apr 22nd, 2012 9 Pages
SECURITY, PRIVACY, AND CONFIDENTIALITY (SPC) OF HEALTH INFORMATION IN THE PHILIPPINES
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Due to the special nature of health information, the legal and technical aspects of the concepts of security, privacy, and confidentiality (SPC) have a particular meaning in the context of healthcare.
Privacy is the right of an individual to limit access to others to some aspect of their person. A more specific type of privacy is informational privacy (which is the notion of privacy we are most familiar with). Information privacy is the right of a person to determine at what time, in what way, and to what extent information about the person is communicated to others.
Confidentiality refers to the expectation that the information
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In its Declaration on the Rights and Obligations of the Patient, the PMA states the Right to Privacy and Confidentiality :
The patient has the right to privacy and protection from unwarranted publicity. This right to privacy shall include the patient's right not to be subjected to exposure, private or public, either by photography, publications, video-taping, discussion, medical teaching or by any other means that would otherwise tend to reveal his person and identity and the circumstances under which he was, he is, or he will be, under medical or surgical care or treatment.
a. All identifiable information about a patient's health status, medical condition, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment and all other information of a personal kind, must be kept confidential, even after death. Except, in cases when descendants may have a right of access to information that would inform them of their health risks.

b. All identifiable patient data must be protected. The protection of the data must be appropriate as to the manner of its storage. Human substance from which identifiable data can be derived must be likewise protected.

c. Confidential information can be disclosed in the following cases:
(1) when his mental or physical condition is in controversy in a court litigation and the court in its discretion orders him to submit to physical or mental examination by a physician;
(2) when the public health and safety so
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