Security Studies : A Sub Discipline Of International Relations

1836 WordsJan 9, 20178 Pages
Introduction Security studies is a sub discipline of international relations, established after WOI in the United Kingdom, having the desire to prevent a repetition of the horrors of the Great War (Collins 2016). While the roots of security studies can be traced back to Thucydides and Sun Tzu, the conception of security in the mind of many people, scholars and politicians is shaped by three fundamental moments in history: the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, the French Revolution in 1789 and the establishment of the United Nations in 1945 (Arreguin-Toft and Mingst 2013; Hale Held and Young 2013, 49-112). Thus the establishment of state sovereignty, human rights and international cooperation for international relations are important pillars…show more content…
The fall of the Berlin Wall ended this threat. Although other potential nuclear conflicts still remain, scientist started to focus on other conflicts that are more likely to happen in the near future than a nuclear war. The Delta Works are a direct response to an acute environmental threat, while the MDGs are designed in response to the 7 threats of human security. The Millennium Development Goals The MDGs, developed in 2000 by the United Nations, is the practical interpretation of a theoretic framework, in the case of MDGs human security. The conception of ‘security ‘ according to human security is build upon 7 pillars: economic, health, food, environment, community, personal and political security of an individual. A report by the United Nations Development Programme (2005, 6) explains why the MDGs and human security in general are important: “The Goals not only reflect global justice and human rights- they are also vital to international and national security and stability, as emphasised by the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges, and Change. Poor and hungry societies are much more likely than high-income societies to fall into conflict over scare vital resources, such as watering holes and arable land - and
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