Segregation vs. Integration

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Segregation vs. Integration One of the most significant issues which the United States has dealt with for decades is the issue of racial segregation. In a post-Civil Rights era, there is a common tendency to assume that racism is no longer a pressing social concern in America due to the gradual erosion of whiteness. During the late 1800s and much of the 1900s, segregation had been a controversial and divisive issue throughout the country. This issue stemmed from the separation of African Americans and whites during a period when slavery was recently abolished and Blacks were still looked down upon. This was the era of repressive Jim Crow laws, where strict segregation was mandated and racial segregation was regulated. After the Plessy …show more content…
On the other hand, Danielle Holley-Walker believes in her article “A New Era for Desegregation” that paying attention to desegregation efforts is vital for the success of the nation and equality among its people. First, Lichter opens his article “Integration or Fragmentation? Racial Diversity and the American Future “ by explaining how diverse and multicultural America has become throughout the years. There are no longer boundaries between each race and integration within the country has been celebrated. However, Lichter says that this massive shift of demographics and integration among this diverse population is instead a source of growing conflict. Lichter introduces the idea of the “Third Demographic Transition,” which marks the unprecedented transition and changes in America in terms of race. New integration and immigration will drive racial diversity, which he believes will lead to minority fertility and white natural decrease. This will ultimately lead to a higher poverty rate and more inequality in the future. The large white and affluent race will quickly be replaced by poor minority children and therefore lead to the demise of the nation. America’s quest to eradicate boundaries between races will pave the way for an unstable future. Lichter explains, “Multiracial neighborhoods are often unstable or