Selection In Late Adulthood

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The reality of Selection, Optimization and Compensation in aging
Human development as we all know by now in the course of PSY 280, involves a set of changes and processes that occur within each individual from childhood to adulthood. There are however, three strategies that appear to have a developmental effect essential for successful development in late adulthood. These strategies include 1) selections 2) optimization and 3) compensation. Selection is as a process of choosing a goal, which could be education or career in the early stages of childhood to pursue. There are many possible ways that selection could be represented within the context of an individual's life. For instance selection could be a categorical choice from mutually exclusive alternatives like “do I want to get higher education or learn a trade?"
Optimization on the other hand refers to the application of methods to achieve selected goals mentioned above. In some perspectives, this process could involve both gaining of methods, example learning a new skill as well as the use of relevant behavior that one is very good at and use it the best way possible.
Compensation refers to the use of alternative methods when previously preferred methods like college degree become unavailable. Compensation is distinguished from selection in that
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Some of these changes may be due to conscious use of these strategies as a strategy for successful development and aging. Selective optimization with compensation applies to every aspect of life, from choosing friends to playing baseball (Berger 2010, p.443). According to Berger, people try to maintain a balance in their lives by looking for the best way to compensate for physical and cognitive losses and to become more proficient in activities they can already do
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