Self Control Theory : A General Theory Of Crime

1309 WordsSep 17, 20146 Pages
Self-control theory hypothesizes that self-discipline explains a variance in the extent to which people are susceptible to specific urges, whether committing criminal or non-criminal actions. Travis Hirschi and Michael Gottfredson gave rise to self-control theory in their book named A General Theory of Crime. Because its creators define the self-control theory as a “general theory of crime”, to them it is believed that this theory can be implemented to multiple behaviors where a person is not capable to resist desires, which allow for a quick self-gratification. Not only this, but Gottfredson and Hirschi also trust that the self-control theory describes the flexibility of crime; because of this, it is appropriate to assume that criminals are also expected to partake in other dangerous behaviors seen as innocent by the law (Kubrin, Stucky, and Krohn 187). Self-control theory operates under the assumption that willpower is developed early on in childhood and from thereafter it is relatively stable throughout the remainder of that individual’s life. Hirschi and Gottfredson state that low-self control can be determined by an individual’s propensity to have behaviors revolving around being “impulsive, insensitive, physical, risk-taking, short-sighted, and non-verbal” while also having a “here and now” attitude towards situations (Kubrin, Stucky, and Krohn 186-187). This theory mainly focuses on the belief that low self-control is caused by inadequate parenting. By not
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