Self Defeating Behaviours

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Describe and Evaluate Two Approaches to the Treatment of Self-Defeating Behaviour “Self-defeating behaviour is the idea that sometimes people knowingly do things that will cause them to fail or bring them trouble. It is defined as “any deliberate or intentional behaviour that has clear, definitely or probably negative effects on the self or on the self’s projects.” The concept of and theories behind why a person behaves in ways that are self-defeating is one that has been examined by many psychological approaches over time. In this essay I will define and explain self-defeating behaviours, their origins, causes and reasons for maintaining them, together with examples of such behaviours. Subsequently I will focus on two approaches to…show more content…
It looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis. (NHS Choices,2015). It can be broken down into its component parts. Cognitive therapy deals with the thoughts behind behaviour, whilst behavioural therapy deals with managing or changing the behaviour itself. The two are most often used as a single therapy but are strategies in their own right. CBT deals with the here and now. (Cherry K 2012). The idea is to get to the point identifying the thought process behind behaviour, rationalising the thoughts and feelings behind the behaviour looking at the realistic outcomes of making changes and practicing the change for instance using role play which then enables the client to change a behaviour the client may be given homework to do keeping a journal to enable the client to look back and see progress. This can be very successful in dealing with phobias for instance if a client is unable to enter a room where there is a picture of a snake. CBT can be used by initially reasoning and rationalising the fear. Then having the client rationalise with them self-i.e. have a conversation similar to the one we all at times have in our head. The client comes to a conclusion realising that being afraid of a picture is totally Irrational as it can in no way injure them. Thus the beginning of change. Behaviour can then change, by the client being able to be shown a picture of a snake, in a controlled environment (the therapy room) this
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