Self Efficacy Program For Preventing Osteoporosis Among Asian Immigrants
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Problem and Purpose
In the Randomized control study “Self-Efficacy Program to Prevent Osteoporosis Among Asian Immigrants” by Qi, Resnick, Smeltzer, and Bausell (2011), the researcher clearly stated their interest in the problem, that Chinese immigrants have a high incidence of osteoporosis due to the lack of calcium, vitamin D, and exercise regimens practiced in their country. “The purpose of this study was to use a self-efficacy based intervention to increase adoption of behaviors known to prevent Osteoporosis.” (Qi, Resnick, Smeltzer, and Bausell 2011, pg.400) This Self-Efficacy theory suggests that behavior change and maintenance of this change can help acquire a desired outcome the person wishes to obtain. According to Qi, Resnick,…show more content… All these factors were evaluated appropriately two weeks post intervention to correlate any changes in the attitudes of health behavior towards osteoporosis. Thus, we can infer the researchers set out to test the question; In Asian immigrants, what is the effect of SEOPE intervention, in comparison to the attention-controlled intervention, on osteoporosis health behaviors?
Understanding whether education and self-efficacy increases adherence to health behavior modification is significant in the nursing world, because it suggests that nurses play a dominant role in patient teaching. As nurses, it is crucial to utilize patient teaching and supporting skills to ensure quality care and better health outcomes in the long run. When a patient is educated, it increase’s their confidence to participate in treatment, improves outcomes, and encourages better health habits. Feeling confident in one’s abilities is key to maintaining adherence to medical regimens, and health behaviors. Patient education can be done in various ways including, PowerPoint’s, handouts, and videos.
This study was conducted as a quantitative, randomized control trial, using repeated-measure design. The 111 participants were given sealed envelopes determining whether they were apart of the Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectation Enhancement group (SEOPE) or the Attention-Controlled group, thus justifying this as