Self Talk : An Effective Strategy For Enhancing Task Performance

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Most athletes uses self-talk, and self-talk affects the performance ( Hardy, Hall, & Hardy, 2004), and in a recent meta-analysis of self-talk interventions Hatzigeorgiadis, Zourbanos, Galanis, and Theodorakis confirmed self-talk as an effective strategy for enhancing task performance in sport. The athlete performs better with a good self-talk, in particular athlete is probably idiosyncratic and contextualized, in other words, what is good this athlete in this situation might not be good in a different situation or for someone else. Self-talk is used within interventions (e.g., Thelwell & Greenlees, 2003). Self-talk is one of the most influential skills that an athlete can use to increase their self-efficacy (Vargas-Tonsing, Myers, &…show more content…
Hardy (2006) recognized self-talk as distant from other cognitive process (imagery), being statement athletes say to themselves. These statements may be in a planned manner or automatically occurred, such as thought-stopping technique ( Hardy et al., 2009).Several overlapping dimensions was identified by hardy for overlapping the nature of talk ( e.g., what self-talk is ). The nature of self-talk includes: a) a frequency dimension, that more or less often the self-talk can be employed) a self-determined dimension, it can be freely or assigned) an overtness dimension, it can be heard as one own inside voice (covert self-talk) or loud so that others can hear (overt self-talk).d) a valence dimension, it can range from positive to negative. Positive in the form of praise ( e.g., well done) (moran,1996), negative in the form of criticism ( e.g., you fool) (moran,1996);e) a motivational interpretation dimension, that individual can learn their self-talk from motivating to de-motivating for themselves ( Hardy , hall & alexander, 2001).Hardy proposed self-talk as a (a) verbalizations or statements addressed to the self; (b) multidimensional in nature; (c) having interpretive elements associated with the content of statements employed; (d) is somewhat dynamic; and (e) serving at least two functions; instructional and motivational, for the athlete (Hardy, 2006, p. 84). Many
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