Occupational Therapy can impact children with disabilities ages 3-6 and their family. Occupational therapy helps deficits with fine motor skills, self-care skills, and independent skills.
Many parents believe that they are the reason why their child acts a certain way. Researchers are unable to pin point exactly what is the cause of sensory integrated problems but are able to narrow down several possible directions such as genetic factors, premature birth, birth trauma, viruses, illnesses, drugs
There is evidence provided within this proposal that includes sensory integration being an important contributor to ASD children sensory stimulus to self regulate and improve the children’s acting out behaviors, like aggression
We may not like loud noises, so we avoid crowds and clubs, or have textures issues, so we avoid slimy or squishy food, all without therapy. Our flight, fight, or freeze responses are our defense system again the unknown, but sensory processing treatment work on changing that response. With all of materials I compiled, I am in agreement that sensory processing disorder is the next “it” diagnosis for children. I do believe that children with Autism, ADHD, ADD, and Down Syndrome struggle with processing sensory information. However, there is no proof that sensory processing difficulties are not a byproduct or syndrome of the disability. More research is necessary in order to determine how and why sensory processing occurs and affects daily life. The goal for all educators is to provide students with the best education
The last 2 disorders I will be discussing are ASD (Autistic Spectrum Disorder) and FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder). The first refers to the disorder where children show delay in communication and socialization skills, impaired social development, and repetitive behavior. One of the most famous autistic adults is Dr. Temple Grandin. He has been on television on shows such as the Today Show and Larry King Live as well as The New York Times and Forbes magazines. Children with autism no matter what the severity respond well to decrease in sensory load.
Sensory Impairment: Sensory impairment could be a barrier to effective communication they can prevent service users and health care professionals from communicating correctly, this is because they interfere with a service user’s ability to send, receive and understand a message. According to Collins Education sensory impairment is the key issue why service users with sensory impairments are more exposed to ineffective care and their needs are not always met. This would make the service users have a low self-esteem because they will be left confused and unaware about their health.
This is important because these sensory deficits present occupational barriers for both child and caregiver's ability to engage in meaningful activities. There is mixed empirical research regarding the effectiveness of sensory based interventions due to the variability in the symptomatology of children with sensory deficits. However and in spite of the sparse supporting evidence it is used in many occupational therapy settings because it has been shown to be effective in individualized clinical treatment plan and in less rigorous studies. AOTA has launched an initiative across all occupational therapy domains to increase the use of evidence based practice. The triangulation process used in this qualitative inquiry is designed to make the data collection process more robust (Portney & Watkins, 2009). Thus adding to the growing base of evidence supporting the use of sensory based interventions in occupational therapy
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is not one specific disorder, but a group of disorders that have similar behavioral characteristic, such as difficulty with communication and socialization. The cause of ASD is still unknown but there are studies that indicate there may a genetic or environmental component. More specifically, ASD
There is an ample amount of positive outcomes supporting the use of SI interventions in documented case studies, single subject experiments, and other less rigorous research, but there is still a lack of rigorous research that supports the efficacy of SI interventions. This lack of supporting evidence could be attributed to the diverse symptomatology of ASD, which makes it is extremely difficult to design a rigorous research proposal that is generalizable with strong psychometric data supporting the proposal. Filling this gap in research around the use of SI interventions in practice could facilitate the growth of the occupational therapy field by validating the SI interventions, which occupational therapists are most qualified to implement,
Literature Review During the course of research, there were many commonalities found in the literature surrounding Wilbargers’ Deep Pressure and Proprioceptive Technique. The majority of the studies that focused on the treatment of children with a primary diagnosis of sensory defensiveness. Because occupational therapists use a more holistic approach when treating clients, the perspectives of the parents and caregivers were given great value in their studies. For one study, a major instrument used to collect data was a parent/caregiver questionnaire (Bhoti & Brown, 2013). The questions provided researchers with information all of the following regarding inconvenience that the intervention may have caused, impact on daily routine, empowerment,
Many people can agree that working with children is rewarding. And yet, sometimes the education system tends to be overlooked for those with a disadvantage. Unfortunately, according to one source “Up to 15% of school-age children are believed to have sensory challenges, and at least 40% of individuals with developmental disabilities and 80% of those with autism are affected” (Research opportunities, 2014, p. 244). With that being said, some schools or Occupational therapy school-based consultation (OTSBC), have incorporated Occupational therapy in their facilities to help their students develop and succeed in life. This is great news for children with disabilities whether it be a sensory processing disorder (SPD), birth defect or a physical/mental
Autism and Occupational Therapy Autism is a developmental disorder that affects brain functions and impairs an individual’s ability to communicate and interact with others. Symptoms presenting early in life. Typically diagnosed around 3 years of age. Behaviors and interests are restrictive and repetitive. Rocking, hand-flapping, finger-flicking, jumping, spinning or twirling, head-banging, etc. Repetitive behavior
It is a career that is designed for all the individuals that wants to make a change in a person’s life. While working with your client in achieving their independence, it’s important to treat the diagnosis and not the person. Occupational Therapy is the door that gives an opportunity for everyone to collaborate and discover the importance of hope for those who believes that their world has come to an end due to health problems or a disability. Being in this field allows you to learn something new every day as you communicate and performs therapeutic activity with your
Four year olds are still very much learning through the use of their senses (Blaustein, 2005). As well, some children may have special needs concerning sensory processing and integration (Ayers, 1994). Children with sensory processing disorders range from over-responsive, under-responsive, to sensory craving (Ayers, 1994). Nonetheless, every person encounters a plethora of sensory stimuli each day and must take in information and integrate it with prior knowledge to make meaningful responses (Ayers, 1994). Multisensory centers provide young children with and without special needs with the opportunity to seek out sensory stimulation, acquire sensory integration and motor skills, learn coping skills, and understand basic scientific concepts (Blaustein, 2005).
A Sensory motor disorder is a condition in which the brains ability to receive and respond to information that is integrated through the sense is compromised. Those affected by sensory system disorders are usually oversensitive to stimuli in their environment. In the case of Bernie, he portrays hypersensitivity to sound and visual stimulate secondary to Sensory System Disorder.