Settlers Vs. New England Colonies

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Facing the New World
Entering a new territory filled with countless opportunities and possibilities came with prices to pay and times of hardships for the pioneers from England. They quickly came to realize that the grass was not always greener on the other side. They settled in different areas along the east coast, such as New England, which included New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. The other settlers came ashore just south of New England called the Chesapeake region, which included Virginia and Maryland. When comparing the two groups, they both had different and similar ways of thinking and establishing life in this new and unfamiliar territory. Without a doubt, both experienced obstacles that they were forced
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They came to the new world to better themselves and spread the word of Christ. Puritan John Winthrop wrote, "...to improve our lives to doe more service to the Lord; the comforte and encrease the body of Christe, whereof we are members"(42). The Puritans' one and only focus was to please God and fulfill their duties as Christians. Not only were they religious, but they were also very strict when it came to sin and disobeying God. A citizen at the time named John Josselyn writes about punishments if caught breaking the law. "...so for swearing and cursing, or through the tongue with a hot Iron"(59) Mostly families came together to the new world which meant the number of men and women were relatively equal, unlike the settlers residing in Virginia and Maryland. This was the catalysts for population growth in New England. All of their plans and intentions revolved solely around God and his plan. The second most important thing to them was education. The reason for this was so that the children could also learn about and worship God.
Both groups of settlers were similar in the way that they both were religious. While in Jamestown, an indentured servant named Richard Frethrone said, "...but [for the fact] that God is merciful and can save with few as well as with many" while talking about fearing an attack by the Native Americans (39-40). During a time of need, he confessed his faith
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Since Virginia was a predominantly agricultural region, the social gap between wealthy and poor was exponential. In Virginia, there were the wealthy farmers and the poor slaves. There were very few middle class citizens. The main source of income for the Chesapeake region was trade and distribution of tobacco. Still lacking a substantial amount of females, the colony did not expand as fast as it potentially could have.
New England lacked a significant social gap. Mostly everyone was middle class with the exception of a very few. While New England was able to have some type of agriculture, they relied mostly on industries such as shoemakers and blacksmiths and trade. Factors such as population and resources allowed them to develop rapidly. This lead to large cities for this era and a healthy economy.
Ecological differences forced different economical strategies for the two groups of settlers to pursue. However, the differences in them opened up a way of trade. Both New England and Virginia benefited from trade by getting things they desired that were difficult for them to obtain on their
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