Sex Differences And Aggression : What Are The Psychological Mediators?

764 Words Jul 1st, 2016 4 Pages
Sex Differences in Aggression The article I chose to review is “Sex differences in aggression: What are the psychological mediators?” written by Professor Anne Campbell of Durham University. To begin, she discusses research that supports the theory that men are more directly aggressive than women, but gets more specific by investigating the psychological mediators that may underlie this sex difference in aggression. She begins by discussing the effects of provocation and emotional arousal on aggression. A study conducted by Knight, Guthrie, Page and Fabes (2002) proposed that at low and intermediate levels of arousal, men’s emotions were not as greatly affected, but at intermediate and high levels of arousal they were much more affected. With that being said, these sex differences could be due to women’s lower level of impulsion or their superior aptitude for suppressing anger through aggression. Campbell states that the strength of fear and impulse are likely to be the emotions on which aggression depends. The question is, do men and women differ in the strength of their anger (impulse) or in fear-related inhibition (restraint) (Campbell, 2006).
She reviewed different factors that enhance and reduce the likelihood of aggression in an attempt to explain their value to sex differences in aggression. Factors that enhance aggression were anger and anger expression. The frequency and intensity of anger were not factors that directly led to sex differences, however, what little…
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