Sex Trafficking: The Largest Transnational Crime

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Sex Trafficking Sex trafficking is the second biggest transnational crime behind drug trafficking. This major crime occurs every day and many times in plain sight. Sex trafficking, also referred to as human trafficking, is a widespread crime that sells and forces vulnerable people to have sex. The average child between the ages of 11-14 years old are recruited for prostitution in the U.S (Sex Trafficking, 2014). This has become a global issue within the last decade affecting just about every country. The United States is the primary destination for trafficked victims from other countries. More should be done to heighten the awareness of the public to this growing problem in our country. The following will discuss the general characteristics…show more content…
Some may answer that the cause of the criminal behavior is supply and demand, or demand theory. The reason there is such a high number of sex trafficking cases reported is because of the high demand. In order to understand the cause of this criminal behavior, one must look at the crime from a multi-dimensional perspective (Lutya & Lanier, 2012). A few theories that may begin to explain the causes of this criminal behavior are the demand theory, rational choice, constitutive theory, and victim vulnerability. Demand theory can be separated into two groups “the consumer” and the “producer of goods.” The consumer is anyone who is an active or passive buyer of products or services from trafficked victims. Individuals who seek to make a profit from the exploitation of others are called the producer of goods. They wish to keep the supply going to keep their prices of labor down and their profits up (Scholeonhardt, Astill-Torchia, & Jolly, 2012). Another possible category that could be added to this historical theory are the socio-cultural attitudes in regards to sex and prostitution. The media reporting and writing about prostitution can sway the view of the public and contribute to sex trafficking. The cultural attitudes of society will affect the quantity of purchases, violence toward women, and the price of the…show more content…
The constitutive theory holds that societies are constructed on a power and equality basis where subordinate groups are harmed and deprived. Criminals under this theory will use any means necessary to achieve a desired outcome, which often renders a victim disabled and denied humanity (Lutya & (Lanier & Henry, 2004, p 323)). The world is now connecting on a global scale and this promotes more business between agencies of different countries who are after the profit of trade. The interconnectedness of business relations further the investment of crime and the number of victims needed for sex
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