Sex and Gender, a Sociological Perspective

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1. Sociologists reject the idea that behavioural differences between men and women are biologically determined. Outline the key grounds for this rejection and discuss what this means for a sociological understanding of gender.
First of all I am going to begin with defining sex and gender. Sex in a sociological perspective is defined as the biological and physiological differences between men and women which are contrasted in terms of reproductive function(Abercrombie et al 2000 :313). On the other hand gender is sociologically conceived as the social roles allocated to men and women in society that is to say gender is learned not innate. However previously it was believed that sex determined gender thus the differences between men and
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In cases where women work in male dominated work places, cases of sexual harassment are normally reported due lack of respect from male colleagues and their ignorance of why a woman should be doing a man’s job. However, men who work in female dominated places do not get such a hard time at work as the women at work seem to take care of them and the men for example male nurses get to get away with a lot. some cultures that, it is still frowned upon in some cultures when a man mentions h I get on the bus and the driver is female when I get on the bus and the driver is female, it does not however represent my own opinion on the matter, but its just what society taught me when I was growing up, that buses are mainly driven by men, it may not have been taught to me in writing but it is what I grew up seeing and it is the norm.
Judith Butler (Gender Trouble, 1990) argues that rather than sex determining gender-gender determines sex. Sex is shaped by gender discourses which give us scripts to perform according to whether we are biologically classed as male or female. The continual performance of these scripts on a daily basis is what makes us male or female. The classic example of this is the third sex, yes, the third sex and that is the transgender( born male in a female’s body or
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