Sexual Activity And Sexual Behavior

1422 WordsSep 12, 20166 Pages
A Sexual Motivation 1. At the height of the sexual revolution in the 1960s, William Masters and Virginia Johnson set out to study the physiology behind human sexual responses by examining an estimated 10,000 sexual responses (1966). Initially, there was a concern that no one would participate, so 11 prostitutes were employed for the first two years. This time was crucial because it allowed Masters and Johnson to improve upon their research and methods. Knowing there was a bias in their sample, they set out to recruit participants and were largely successful in obtaining a larger, diverse sample. To warm participants up to the experiment, Masters and Johnson encouraged that they first have sex privately in the research quarters and only agree to be observed once they felt comfortable in their surroundings and their ability to perform. While all sexual activity was observed, physiological measurements were taken from the participants, such as their pulse rate, blood pressure, and rate of respiration. Observation and measurements were carried out while the participants engaged in masturbation and intercourse in various positions. Such differences between manual or mechanically assisted masturbation were also measured. 2. As a result, Masters and Johnson accumulated a deal of research regarding sexual activity, of the most cited is the sexual response cycle. The distinction between the stages made it easier for other researchers to study and to build upon. Divided into four
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