Sexual Discrimination And Gender Discrimination

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Sexual discrimination, sex based discrimination, gender discrimination or sexism is a type of prejudice or discrimination based on a person 's sex or gender usually by the opposite gender. Thus, it generally refers to discrimination against a male by a female or a female by a male. Feminism can therefore be considered a form of sexism. More often than not however, sexism is commonly applied to the unfair treatment of women, the denial of opportunity to women or an injustice towards women, which is how this paper will discuss the concept. This sexism or sex based discrimination stems from male chauvinism or the belief that the male gender is more superior than the female gender; androcentrism or the conscious or unconscious penchant to put things in the male perspective; machismo or the sense of masculine pride or patriarchy, a social system in which males are the primary authority figures. (Goode & Ben-Yehuda, 2010, p220-221) Sexism or the discrimination of women is one of the most common, oldest and most rampant types of social discrimination, which had persistently and insidiously permeated different aspects of society that in turn help validate and reinforce the discrimination. The three largest religions in the world namely Judaism, Christianity and Islam for instance shared the common belief about the patriarchal origins of humanity in which God first created Adam whereas Eve was created out from his ribs. (Lippert-Rasmussen, 2014, p263) Even the religious concept
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