Sexual Nature And Sexual Differences

1560 Words Oct 18th, 2015 7 Pages
Several of the fundamental shifts in the ideas about the sexual nature and sexual differences occurred in the eighteenth and nineteenth-centuries. During this period the new scientific knowledge is increasingly accepted concerning biological sex, gender, and sexuality, under which the belief that men and women are biologically different emerges. As the acceptance of this discovery grew it creates a new cultural system of proper behavior for men and women, and new constructions of gender. Through the change in the gender/sex system, Rousseau’s ideas about what makes men and women different and the evolution of homosexuality the ways by which behavior is codified as proper or deviant in the eighteenth and nineteenth-centuries is made clear. In the seventeenth-century the one sex-two gender system was widely accepted. According to Thomas Laqueur 's article " Orgasm, Generation, and the Politics of Reproductive Biology", which speaks to the decline of the Galenic one sex-two gender system, states that, "Men and women are, in this model, not different in kind but in configuration of their organs" (Laqueur 1986, 4). This means that there is only one human body and the arrangement of its parts creates the different genders of male and female. Under this system men are hierarchically better than women, as the perfect beings (Laqueur 1986). This however was no longer the dominant belief in the eighteenth century. Randolph Trumbach 's article " Sex, Gender, and Sexual Identity in…
Open Document