Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases There are at least 25 different sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States. STDs are most prevalent in teens and young adults. The correct use of latex condoms decreases the risk of transmitting a STD. The only guaranteed prevention against a STD is abstinence from any/all sexual activity. The incidence of STDs is almost non-existent in those involved in faithful marriages or in a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognizes the month of April as STD Awareness Month. This annual observance is in place to raise awareness of STDs and to emphasize the importance of prevention, testing, and treating.…show more content…
It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease in women and epididymitis in men if left untreated, both which can lead to infertility. Syphilis is a bacterial infection spread by oral, vaginal, and anal sex and by contact with syphilitic sores/ulcers. Symptoms are difficult to recognize and may not appear for up to three months after exposure. In early stages there is usually a painless rash or sore/ulcer on the penis, vagina, vulva, cervix, anus, or mouth. Fever, flu-like symptoms, and swollen glands in the groin are also common. Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics such as penicillin. If left untreated, it progresses to the latent stage and can cause severe disease elsewhere in the body, such as the heart and brain. Trichomoniasis is often mistaken for a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis because the symptoms are similar. It is a common STD that is spread thru vaginal sex. Women display pain with intercourse, irritation, itching, strong vaginal odor, and frothy discharge. Trichomoniasis can be cured with prescription medication. Men are usually asymptomatic but must be treated with medication as well to prevent re-infecting his partner. Herpes (HSV) is caused by the herpes simplex virus. There are two types: HSV 1, usually associated with cold sores/fever blisters, and HSV 2, usually associated with genital or anal sores, although both can be transmitted from mouth to genitals and vice versa. Symptoms usually appear 2-7 days
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