Shanice Johnson Week 3 Civil Liberties Essay

1135 Words Feb 6th, 2015 5 Pages
Associate Level Material

Civil Liberties and Rights Timeline and Synopsis

Instructions

Complete the following timeline with entries that demonstrate the development of civil liberties and rights over time. In part two, write a brief essay of at least 350 words which discusses specific social movements and how they relate to the development of civil liberties and rights.

Part One: Civil Liberties and Rights Timeline

Complete the second column with brief descriptions of key decisions on civil liberties. Include which amendment from the Bill of Rights was used to support the decision and why. In the third column, complete the timeline with entries describing the historical development of civil rights in the United States.

Time
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20th century
The Fourteenth Amendment was not included with the ten amendments of the Bill of Rights, but the Fourteenth Amendment is the amendment that applied in this case. This amendment states that no U.S. citizen should be denied equal protection of laws, nor should any person be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process.
Brown v. Board of Education ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional and that students should be segregated. This decision was intended to allow an African-American student to attend a previously all-white school that was nearer to her home than the school she had been attending.
20th century
The Fourteenth Amendment applied in this case as well. At this time, African-Americans were forced to sit at the rear of public transportation so that Caucasians could sit up near the front.
1956 Browder v. Gayle ruled that racial segregation on buses was illegal.
20th century
Miranda Warnings reaffirmed the rights afforded by the Fifth and Sixth Amendments: all U.S. citizens have the right to remain silent so as not to incriminate themselves, as well as the right to due process in a court of law before a jury of their peers.

1966 Miranda v. Arizona ruled that anything said to police by a defendant could not be used against the defendant unless said defendant had been read the Miranda Warnings and had acknowledged that he or she understood and waived these…

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