Sherlock Holmes By Arthur Conan Doyle

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To begin with, the first indispensable step in the research should be devoted to the Scottish writer sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of the famous Victorian detective Sherlock Holmes. The fact that Conan Doyle was not the first detective writer is definitely worth mentioning. The founder of the detective genre is considered to be the American writer Edgar Allan Poe. The story of detective fiction oficially started in 1841 when Poe published his "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" (Kopley 31). This famous story established literary conventions which are used in detective fiction till the present time. The main character of Poe`s novels, the Paris detective C. August Dupin, has become a prototype of the detective image which does not stale even nowadays, and had a big influence on Sherlock Holmes`s image (Schwartz 15).
Arthur Conan Doyle devoted his famous quotation to Poe: "Each [of Poe's detective stories] is a root from which a whole literature has developed... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" (Dawn 323). The reference to Dupin`s character can be even found in the first story of Sherlock book series A Study in Scarlet (1887) where Holmes mensions Dupin when Watson tries to compare the two detectives: "No doubt you think you are complimenting me... In my opinion, Dupin was a
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was the father of the detective tale, and covered its limits so completely that I fail to see how his followers can find any fresh ground which they can confidently call their own" (Morledge 38). From the first appearance of Sherlock Holmes it was clear that Conan Doyle is on the right track of creating his character, gaining a tremendous level of success after the first story
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