Shia Historical Narratives

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The second section of the book focuses on the origins on the Shia historical narratives which held the community together and how it lead to the fragmentation of it. Third chapter begins with detailed events of succession to the Prophet Muhammad and is often cited as the starting point for the split in the Islamic community. In a brief summary, author writes the biographical/historical narrative of the Prophet from his birth to his death, which is accepted by all Muslims. Then the author focuses on Shia historical works that extends on elaborating this biographical narrative precisely bringing the historical proof of Imam Ali’s political and religious claims. The chapter continues with Shia biographical narrative of Ali, giving details of his…show more content…
According to Shia this date ritual was a symbolic transfer of knowledge and authority from Prophet to Ali and the second distinction regarding the declaration of Ali is the rightful successor was that, the Prophet Muhammad has raised Ali since his childhood. Furthermore the author describes other Shia narratives that state where the Prophet appointed Ali as his successor during the early stages of the Prophet’s life. Another important historical event Haider cover in this chapter is the tragedy in Karbala or the battle of Karbala. In 680, Umayyad army killed Imam Husayn b. Ali the grandson of the Prophet with his family and companions in present-day holy city of Karbala, Iraq. “This massacre highlights Umayyad oppression and greed”. Ismailis and the Twelvers “Shia considers Imam Husayn death as close to apocalyptic events while the Zaydis look at this event as “first in a series of failed Alid rebellions”. Nevertheless “the commemoration of Karbala is an important focal point for piety and central component of communal identity of all the three Shia
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