Shingles is a painful disease that is caused by the same virus that causes the chicken pox. The

1000 WordsApr 23, 20194 Pages
Shingles is a painful disease that is caused by the same virus that causes the chicken pox. The shingles virus affects about 1 million people per year in the United States alone. Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, occurs in people who have already had chickenpox when they were younger. Shingles causes a painful skin rash that usually appears in a band, strip or a small area on one side of the face or body. Most individuals who develop shingles are older than 50 years or have other medical problems like cancer because procedures like chemotherapy weaken your immune system. People who are immune-suppressed from medications they take, like steroid medications are also vulnerable because their immune system is weak, letting the shingles…show more content…
Herpes zoster goes back a long time but scientists were unable to tell the difference between the blistering caused by small pox, and shingles until now. Where shingles started was first talked about in 1831, when Richard Bright, a scientist, believed the dorsal root ganglion, or the spinal ganglion was what carried the disease. In the late 18th century William Heberden found a way to differentiate between shingles and small pox, and then in the late 19th century shingles was differentiated from another disease called erysipelas. In the beginning of the 20th century it was the first time scientists realized that the same virus was causing chickenpox and shingles. Shingles was thought to be not dangerous in the 1940s and harmful side effects were thought to be scarce. When 1942 hit scientists started to recognize that when adults got shingles it was more dangerous than when a child had it, and the harmful effects of shingles increased as you got older. More studies in the 1950s on people with the shingles virus showed that scientists were wrong about the virus being harmless, and so they started looking for ways to prevent the virus. In 1965 Dr. Hope-Simpson was first to suggest that contact with children who had chicken pox would boost the cells immunity to help postpone or suppress shingles. An experimental drug called Zostavax was created to fight against shingles in 2005. The drug was later FDA approved in 2006, it is too early to tell if the drug works,

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