Hypovolemic shock is an urgent condition of rapid reduction of circulatory volume in the body, which can be created due to blood or plasma or body fluids loss (Kettley & Marsh, 2016, p. 31; Perner & Backer, 2014, p. 613). Blood loss can be induced by internal or external injuries, excessive perspiration or diuretics (Craft & et al, 2015, p. 852). Maureen Hardy’s hypovolemia has been precipitated by hematemesis.
Shock is a life-threatening condition which happens when the body isn’t getting enough flow of blood. This means that the cells don’t get enough oxygen to enable them to work properly, which can lead to damage of the vital organs like the brain and the heart. Shock can be caused by anything that reduces the flow of blood, including:
The newborn assessment should include respiration rate, capillary refill, pulses, pallor and circulation checks. Signs of a hemorrhage may present themselves prior to scalp edema and could lead to treating a hemorrhage quicker and more successfully than if treatment is prolonged until the scalp starts to swell (Modanlou, 2010).
Hemorrhages, or internal bleeding, account for a large portion of deaths in the world. Hemorrhages are an extremely life threatening injury that require immediate medical attention. These injuries are extremely sensitive to the time of injury and the time it takes for surgery to begin. Hemorrhages fall into two main categories: non-compressible and compressible. Compressible hemorrhages can be treated with external compression, tourniquets, and dressings. Non-compressible hemorrhages can not be treated with these techniques, because the injury is usually deep inside the abdominal part of the body and either not visible, or not within reach. This makes non-compressible hemorrhages much more challenging to treat.
Cardiogenic shock is results from damage to the heart such as a heart attack. In cardiogenic shock the heart is damaged and unable to supply a sufficient amount of blood to the body and the body cells do not receive enough oxygen (Huether & Mccance, 2012). Symptoms of cardiogenic shock are chest pain or pressure, coma, decreased urination, fast breathing, fast pulse, heavy sweating and moist skin, lightheadedness, loss of alertness and ability to concentrate, restlessness, agitation, confusion, shortness of break, skin that feels cool to touch, pale skin color or blotchy skin, and/or weak pulse (Dugdale, Cardiogenic Shock, 2012). Treatment of cardiogenic shock includes medications to increase blood pressure sucj as dobutamine, dopamine, milirione, and more. Urgent treatment includes electrical shock therapy (defibrillation or cardio version), implanting a temporary pacemaker and medications given through the vein, pain medicine, oxygen, fluids, and blood or blood products (Dugdale, Cardiogenic Shock, 2012). Cardiogenic shock
Shock is a life-threatening condition with a variety of underlying causes. Shock is caused when the cells have a lack of adequate blood supply and are deprived of oxygen and nutrients. In cases of shock, blood is shunted from peripheral areas of the body to the vital organs. Hemorrhage and decreased blood volume are associated with some, but not all, types of shock.
Shock is a collapse of Circulatory function caused by severe injury, blood loss, or disease, and characterized by pallor sweating, weak pulse, and very low blood pressure .There are three basic types of shock. Cardiogenic Shock [includes tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponede and pulmonary embolism] which is caused by the heart failing to pump as designed. Distributive shock [includes septic shock, neurogenic shock, anaphylactic shock and psychogenic shock] which is caused by poor vessel function. Lastly we have hypovolemic shock [includes hemorrhagic shock and non hemorrhagic shock]. Cardiogenic shock is basically shock that is cardiac in nature. It is also the end off of the road for all other causes of shock. Cardiogenic shock
Hypovolemic shock occurs when there is an overall “loss in circulatory volume”, which means not enough blood is circulating through the body. Cardiogenic shock occurs when the heart cannot provide enough blood to maintain the organs of the body. Distributive shock occurs when the volume of blood is at a normal level, however the distribution of the blood is abnormal. Finally, extracardiac
Cardiogenic shock is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical care. Treatment helps get blood flowing through your body again. Treatment may include:
Hypovolemic shock is an emergency state in which one loses a large amount of blood or other body fluid. This can then cause the heart to be incapable of pumping enough blood to the rest of the body. Subsequently this can cause many of the body’s other organs to shut down due to shock. Bleeding as such can happen to a woman while pregnant or shortly after delivery.
two types of hypoperfusion are Distributive shock and cardiogenic shock. In Distributive Shock, cardiac output decreases and peripheral vasodilation occurs due to damage to the walls of the blood vessels. A major sign of this type of shock is vasovagal syncope (fainting). Cardiogenic shock results in inadequate perfusion to the tissue and organs, which is pump failure. It is the most frequent cause of death from acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). Cadiac Tamponade is an extrinsic cause of cardiogenic
The main concern with HHNC is the client diuresing . This is a concern because of the loss of fluid, which in early stages results in hyponatremia . Later in the disease process, the patient will display elevated serum sodium levels, due to excessive fluid loss. This is a late sign that will be seen in a comatose patient suffering from HHNC . When a patient is constantly losing fluid , as such the case with HHNC, the patient’s serum level are increasingly elevated due to less fluid in the vascular space. This a main reason for elevate osmolality levels. Therefore , the patient will display signs of hypernatremia . Such signs, would include increased thirst or impaired thirst due to fluid loss and elevated serum sodium levels. Muscle weakness,
First of all, the menstrual cup can reduce vaginal infections and life-threatening disease, such as toxic shock syndrome (TSS).According to North (2011) found that using the menstrual cup over three consecutive menstrual cycles had not the accumulation of bacteria (S.aureus) in the vagina, which is the cause of toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Also, use of the cup does not improve that bacteria related with Vulvovaginitis (Candida and other yeast), urinary tract infection (E.coli), or bacterial vaginitis (G.raginalis) (p.307). Currently, toxic shock syndrome commonly found in women who use tampons that have high levels of menstrual blood absorption involves stimulating the secretion toxins of S. aureus. Moreover, when the body absorb toxins can
In contrast to HFRS, overt hemorrhage rarely occurs in HCPS, although hemorrhage is occasionally seen in association with DIC. In contrast to septic shock, HCPS patients have a low cardiac output with a raised systemic vascular resistance. Poor prognostic indicators include a plasma lactate of greater than 4.0 mmol/L or a cardiac index of less than 2.2 L/min/m2. Pulmonary edema and pleural effusions are common. Fortunately, multiorgan dysfunction is rarely seen, although HCPS patients sometimes have mildly impaired renal