Short Essay On Indira Gandhi

1377 Words6 Pages
Indira Gandhi (1919-1984) was among the most powerful and skilled leaders in the Indian history. She was the only daughter of Pd. Jawaharlal Nehru. She was cut out for politics. She had the classic and prerequisite bent of mind when it came to political machinery and social reforms. In course of her practice, she became public’s favourite. K.A. Abbas rightly said in his book ‘Indira Gandhi: Return Of The Red Rose’, “Indira Gandhi’s accession is not hereditary. It’s the reaffirmation of the principles and policies formulated by Jawaharlal Nehru.” She was first appointed the prime minister in 1966, after which she garnered massive public support and acceptance through her extensive work in the field of agriculture, abolishing poverty and also…show more content…
To add to this, the “JP Movement” infuriated her furthermore. This movement was led by Jayprakash Narayan. Many regard him as the “Gandhi of independent India”. He never contested an election during his political career. After the verdict by Allahabad High court, he decided to start a “Total Revolution” and also demanded the resignation of Indira Gandhi. Rallies had started picking up from 12th June itself, after the courts verdict. On June 25, 1975, he announced a plan of daily demonstrations, not just in Delhi, but also in every state capital and district headquarter until Indira Gandhi threw in the towel. He also appealed to the army, the police and the bureaucracy “to refuse to obey Indira” and “abide by the constitution instead”. In addition to this, Morarji Desai, in an interview to an Italian journalist said, “we intend to overthrow her, to force her to…show more content…
This landed her in a spot of flux. On the evening of 25th June, 1975, Indira Gandhi had a concise meeting with her close friends and confidants at her residence. Among them was an old advisor and friend Siddharth Shankar Ray, home minister Om Mehta, Prashnachandra and RK Chanda. They went through all the documents and legal accounts, and ultimately, as per Article 352, they came to a conclusion that internal emergency should be declared. They also gave many reasons for the same; some of them being that the government cited threats to national security, the 1973 oil crisis, the economy of India was in shambles and there was rampant desertion and disorder across the nation. Hence, owing to all these reasons, and above all, safeguarding her position in the political hierarchy, Indira Gandhi decided to write a letter to the president of India, seeking agreement on her decision of declaring internal emergency. Before this, she asked three questions to Siddharth Shankar Ray. Her first question was, can a letter regarding internal democracy be written to the president without consulting the cabinet. Second, she questioned him regarding the language and tone of the letter. And lastly, she questioned him regarding the content of the
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