The Adoption Encyclopedia “ Estimates of the percentage of pregnant women using cocaine have ranged from 10% to as high as 28% in some areas.” Cocaine is one of the oldest drugs known to man. This is a powerfully addictive stimulant, and is derived from coca leaves, and this drug has been abused for thousands of years. Crack Cocaine's worst damage to the fetus is its effect on the brain. It causes the brain's of both the mother and the fetus to experience the typical surge of dopamine. Since the fetal brain is still in the process of development, it can result in serious psychological addiction, attention deficit disorders, lack of cognitive abilities and developmental problems. Also crack's effects on the fetus result in seizures. Babies that are exposed to crack are at increased risk of birth defects, which include heart deformities. Crack causes an unborn baby to have a stroke or a heart attack. Cocaine abuse by mothers during pregnancy is linked with abnormalities in the development of the heart both before and after birth. Crack Cocaine
The short term effects of the crack includes: higher breathing rate, elevated blood pressure, soaring heart rate, compressed blood vessels, lack of appetite, dilated pupils, extreme euphoria for both casual and heavy users. The long term effects are the following: depression, violent, fearful performances, hallucinations, bad temper, psychosis, heart attack/stroke, sterility (for both men and women), brain convulsion, respiratory malfunction and even death for heavy users! Since crack cocaine is exceedingly addictive, addicts can easily build up tolerance and become addicted in a short time by smoking it constantly. There are many ways to take crack cocaine. Users can smoke through a hand pipe or a water pipe, snort, infuse through vein, or they can combine crack with marijuana, heroin etc (University Of Maryland). While taking crack, users face plenty of risks like: coughing, respiratory bleeding, out of breath, paranoia, lung trauma and many more (“Crack cocaine facts”). Dealers shipped crack cocaine from the Bahamas and the Caribbean to Miami, where the dealers would sell it for lower incomes (“A Complete History of Crack Cocaine”). Anyone can be addicted to crack cocaine – from adults to teens. Crack cocaine is most rampant in urban regions but addicts from rural areas can also be seen. Crack is highly addictive because a user trying for the first time becomes addicted to it and he uses it many times throughout the day. A single dosage is inexpensive but a crack
Cocaine is a street drug that is extremely popular. Even though there is a lot of information readily available about cocaine, there are still a lot of misconceptions about it. Below is a list of some of the most common misconceptions about cocaine use: Myth: A Cocaine Addiction Is Not
Short and Long Term Effects of Cocaine The short term physiological effects of cocaine include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Large amounts intensify the user’s high, but may also lead to bizarre, erratic, and violent behavior. The short term effects on the brain are tremors, vertigo, muscle twitches, paranoia. Some users of cocaine report feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety
The effects of drug addiction make up an infinite list but its greatest effect is on the brain. Drug addicts experiment with substance abuse depending on the side effects of the drug used. If the drug is an opioid or painkiller, then the subject might be in a sleepy and stoic state. If it was a catalyst then the person is going to exhibit an excited and emotional behavior (i.e. talking a lot, laughing at nothing, babbling, and going through extreme emotion changes.) Depending on the type of drug the subject might even experience hallucinations that can cause them to even commit suicide (“Gwinnell, Esther, and Christine Adamec”). Some superficial indicators that a person is abusing these types of substances are bloodshot eyes, rapid weight lost, needle tracks, runny nose, and even poor personal hygiene. The side effects of drug abuse, as previously mentioned are magnified when it comes to the family. If the abuser is one or both of the parents/ guardians, the child might end up being mistreated and/or not taken care of. Furthermore, if the mother is pregnant, the baby might be born premature or underweight, have mental or physical problems, or have a disruptive later on in life.
Increased Risk Of Miscarriage And Premature Birth The risk of having a miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy is twice for expecting mothers who take cocaine at this time as compared to those who do not. Latest research has confirmed that cocaine use can result in pre term labor and can cause severe brain damage to the baby.
Conclusion As we have learned, Cocaine is a very harmful and addictive drug that doesn’t only affect the user. While it can cause many complications in pregnancies, the ones who ultimately
The short-term impacts of substance abuse, nutrition, and stress on a baby include a premature birth, stillbirth, SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), and a low birth weight. The long-term impacts, however, greatly exceed the short-term impacts. The long-term physical impacts include cleft lip or palate, clubfoot, obesity, facial disorders, and deformed limbs.
The drug tricks your brain into hallucination, some cases while using the drug causes you to feel bugs crawling on your skin, things coming out of your skin, and feeling the need to pull them off. When in all actuality, there is nothing on you so all they are doing is pulling apart there real skins which leaves scabs, and scars. It also greatly affects the nerve cells and daily activities your body is use to performing. Meth affects the brain, heart, lungs, digestive system, liver, kidneys, and teeth. Choosing to try meth even once can get you hooked because of the rise in dopamine it makes it highly addictive. Some short term effects of Meth are, loss of appetite, dilated pupils, nausea, exhaustion, violent behavior even death if taken too much. Long term effects include, tooth decay, depression, anger problems, short term attention span, and a lower IQ just to name a few. After using meth for an extended amount of time it ruins your mind and, tends to destroy all senses of pleasure. There are more than 24.7 million methamphetamine users in the world, it has one of the highest relapse rates of any drug.
The brain and body are still developing, and that makes them vulnerable to harmful effects of drug use. Using drugs interferes with the ability to learn, it disrupts the teaching environment, and affects other students as well. Drugs affects the skin, hair, nose, physique, chest, and a lot of other things. Acne, sores, scars, and dull skin,breaks out all over the face and body . Baldness occurs, the cartilage in the nose can be destroyed, the body can look thin and even skeletal. Children can stop growing, and males can develop breasts. Major things happen to the body when people abuse the body with drugs.
There are many reasons why pregnant substance abuse should be treated as a major issue. The effects of substance abuse on the mother, fetus, and the overall pregnancy can range from none to extremely harmful. Women who use drugs during their pregnancy commonly give birth to “crack babies” or “drug babies”. These babies can have developmental disabilities or other birth defects. The mother may give birth to a premature infant, underweight infant, or even have a stillborn birth. The drug use of a pregnant woman has a direct impact on the baby. While the mother is ingesting methamphetamine, marijuana, cocaine, alcohol, tobacco, or even caffeine, the fetus is also taking it in. For example, the negative effects of cocaine on the mother can
The first time you are Introduced to cocaine addicted to the rest of your life until you get some help. The long-term effects are,stress become sensitive, leading to increased in negative moods and having a lack of interest in friends,family,school. When you are not taking the drug, which are signs of withdrawal. All of these effects make the person on the drug more likely to focus on seeking the drug instead of relationships.
What causes/effects neonatal abstinence syndrome We all know that whatever we swallow goes to our digestive system and it is going to have side effects on us, because the contents are breaking down into tiny elements and absorbed it into our bloodstream and send it to our body. When you look at cocaine and methadone and all of those other drugs they all go to the same route which is the placenta. And it can cause miscarriage, early labor, shrink body sizes, and make the babies to be addicted,
According to Drug Free World, an estimated 208 million people use illicit drugs internationally. Some people take them at home or out with friends, but one of the main places drugs are common is on the dance floor. Club drugs have become increasingly prevalent in our culture and there seems
What Is Cocaine and its effect to the society? Cocaine is a coca leaf from a coca tree, the leaf is dried before it is used as the main ingredient to create cocaine. Cocaine is an illegal drug made famous by a Colombian drug cartel, Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria in the early 90’s. This drug also known as coke is used as an ingredient on coca-cola in the early 90’s but later then removed. This drugs mental effect is known to relieve stress, help people forget their problems, experience happiness for no reason, escape reality and many other psychological effects. This drug’s physical effects are heavy sweating, fast heart beat or rate and large pupils. Cocaine is sometimes used especially when the situation is dire during nasal operations to