Should Cell Research Be Performed?

1746 Words7 Pages
Kristina Barbour
Dr. Elizabeth Rambo
ENG 101-14
24 November 2014
Should Stem Cell Research Be Performed? Throughout the last couple of decades the rise of technology has influenced the lives of Americans in many ways. From the time scientists started in depth experiments with stem cells in the 1980s, to the present day, the use of stem cells in research has been a prominent topic not only in legislation, but also in everyday conversations (Bush). This is because of the controversy these conversations introduce, as well as the hope in the potential outcomes and cures they may bring (Clemmitt). Some people believe that stem cell research should not be performed due to the fact that using embryonic stem cells is considered a form of
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Stem cells also have the ability to self-renew, meaning that they can continuously divide and make a duplicate of themselves (“Stem Cell Basics.” California). Due to these distinctive characteristic, stem cells can be inserted into an individual with malfunctioning cells, in order to try to replace the diseased cells with healthy ones (“Stem Cell Basics.” National). Stem cells are used to treat various diseases that range from neurological illnesses to Type I diabetes (Kessler). They are also taking the place of mice and other animals in drug testing. Due to this, drugs are better at benefiting humans because the researchers are able to see the actual side effects that occur in humans rather than testing an animal that may or may not react the same way as a human (“Stem Cell Basics.” California).
Through the use of stem cells, a variety of different methods can be used to replace damaged cells in the human body with healthy ones. The first of these strategies is direct implantation of the cells. Stem cells can be injected straight into the organ that is affected or into the veins. This allows the stem cells to target the malfunctioning organ through the cytokines and chemokines it releases. Another strategy takes on a transplantation approach. That is, that the stem cells are specialized and harvested outside of the body before they are injected, or transplanted, into the diseased organ. Lastly, growth factors and drugs can be prescribed to
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