Should the United States have Mandatory Military Conscription?

816 Words 4 Pages
The price of freedom should be borne by all, rich or poor. I learned this first hand as a United States Army Recruiter and a volunteer soldier who fought in two wars representing my country. As a military recruiter from 1971 to 1991, I was tasked with soliciting men and women who were high school graduates to enlist into the United States Army. Often times I would call a home to speak to a graduate about joining the army, and a mother would answer; I would tell her the purpose of my call, and often times her answer would be “not my son”! I would often replay, “well mam, if not your son, then whose son”! I very seldom got an answer but I often wondered if I could read her mind, would she be thinking about whether I should be contacting …show more content…
The Union Enrollment Act drafted all able-bodied men between twenty and forty-five years of age to help fight the American Civil War. However, the US did not use conscription again until 1917 in preparation for war in Europe, known as World War I (Encarta). In 1917, the United States Congress passed the Selective Draft Act. This act created a government office to oversee conscription. Additionally, the act also authorized local draft boards to select eligible individuals for conscription to fight the war. Of course this act was challenged by many organizations, but was upheld by the Supreme Court in 1918. The court held; Article I of the Constitution gives Congress the power to "raise and support Armies" (245 U.S. 366, 38 S. Ct. 159, 62 L. Ed. 349 [1918]) (West's Encyclopedia of American Law). Conscription continued until it was suspended in 1973.
What about today, wouldn’t conscription be important today in determining whether the price of freedom should be borne by all, rich or poor? Of course, there are many social experts such as Steve Hammons, a writer for the American Chronicle, who feels the need for reactivating the military draft or conscription. Hammons feels this need is based partly on the requirements to adequately staff the Army, because today, there is an unending global expansion of U.S. military operations. Hammons also tells us, others such as, Congressman Charles Rangel (D-NY) has expressed an opinion “that
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