Show How Discipline and Obedience Are Linked to the Development of the Will from a Montessori Perspective

2144 WordsMar 29, 20139 Pages
In order to explain the relationship between discipline and obedience from a Montessori perspective, it would be useful define and compare the more common explanations of these terms with the interpretations of Maria Montessori. The development of the child within the Montessori setting and in particular the maturational development of discipline, obedience and the will shall then be discussed. In so doing, a very close and almost symbiotic relationship between all three will become apparent. Discipline is commonly thought of as something that is ‘done’ to a child in order to achieve obedience. It is seen as a form of control that implies a denial of freedom. According to oxforddictionaries.com, the definition of discipline is “the…show more content…
Montessori called this the first stage of obedience (Montessori, 2007a). At around the age of 2 ½ to 3 however, consciousness emerges and all that has been stored up in the Mneme, together with new information, begins to come into the conscious mind, transforming into memory and reason. The child has is now entering the second phase of the Absorbent Mind, known as the ‘Social Embryonic’ stage (Montessori, 2007a). Montessori (1963) describes the child as unbalanced and having certain deviations (lack of control or discipline resulting in possible aggression or passivity). Importantly, with respect to discipline and obedience, it is when the horme and egocentricity begin to wane and the child becomes more aware of others and their needs. It is at this stage that the child enters the Nursery. Through her observations, Montessori held that a child will pass through several ‘sensitive periods’ during the Absorbent Mind, where he/she has an intrinsic sensibility to acquiring particular skills beneficial to his/her development (Montessori, 2007a). He/she is drawn to particular activities that will match the particular sensitivity – such as a sensitivity to order or small objects for example. It is for these reasons that Montessori saw the need to develop an environment that would enable every possibility for the child to fulfill all of these needs and that failure to do so could result in physical, social and mental instability. “The more the young are placed in

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