Sickle Cell Anemia Essay

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The sickle cell disease is an inherited blood
disorder that affects red blood cells. People with
sickle cell have red blood cells that have mostly
hemoglobin's, Sometimes these red blood cells
become sickle-shaped or crescent shaped and
have trouble going through small blood vessels.
When sickle-shaped cells block small blood
vessels, less blood can get to that part of the
body. Tissue that does not get a normal blood
flow eventually becomes damaged.This is what
causes the problems of sickle cell disease.As to
this day there is really no cure for sickle cell
disease.Red blood cells take oxygen from the air
we breathe into our lungs to all parts of the body.
Oxygen is carried in red blood cells by a
substance called hemoglobin(Hemoglobin –
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Like most genes,
hemoglobin genes are inherited in two sets…one
from each parent(Ex. If one parent has Sickle Cell
Anemia and the other is Normal, all of the children
will have sickle cell trait. 4 If one parent has sickle
cell anemia and the other has sickle cell trait, there
is a 50% chance (or 1 out of 2) of having a baby
with either sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait
with each pregnancy,When both parents have
sickle cell trait, they have a 25% chance (1 of 4)
of having a baby with sickle cell disease with each
pregnancy). HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU
HAVE THIS TRAIT A SIMPLE PAINLESS
BLOOD TEST followed by a laboratory
technique called Hemoglobin Electrophoresis will
determine the type of hemoglobin you have. When
you pass an electric charge through a solution of
hemoglobin, distinct hemoglobins move different
distances, depending on their composition. This
technique differentiates between normal
hemoglobin (A), Sickle hemoglobin (S), and other
different kinds of hemoglobin (such as C, D, E,).
Medical Problems Sickle cells are destroyed
rapidly in the body of people with the disease
causing anemia, jaundice and the formation of
gallstones. The sickle cells also block the flow of
blood through vessels resulting in lung tissue
damage (acute chest syndrome), pain episodes
(arms, legs, chest and abdomen), stroke and
priapism (painful prolonged erection). It…

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