Sierra Leno Civil War

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30 short years after declaring independence from Britain, The Sierra Leone Civil War began in 1991 and concluded in 2002. The war left the country in disarray, with little government authority and resources to rebuild. Foreign aid quickly rushed into the country, including the WASH sector that lacked coordination and focus. This made the country highly dependent on foreign aid to continue building efforts of sanitation materials. In 2006, an estimated 30 percent of people in Sierra Leone had access to improved sanitation and only 17 percent in rural areas. The inadequate sanitation rates play a major role in Sierra Leone’s high under-5-mortality rate, which is one of the highest in the world at 182 deaths per 1,000 live births. Sanitation…show more content…
One of these participants was a farmer from the village of Tilorma, Mahmud Konneh. Mahmud used the 2004 Cholera outbreak that killed many in the village as a personal motivator to create an ODF free village, as his mother died during the outbreak. His ties with the community, as well as the recent memories of the Cholera outbreak, allowed him to start a CLTS initiative in his home community with the help of a facilitator from the NGO GOAL. Training individuals from the target communities allowed for a relationship to grow quickly in the community and this connection has been shown in the CLTS guidelines to be valuable to gaining trust of those in the…show more content…
The involvement of children has been seen as a positive addition. Mahmud’s daughter, Rugi, acts as an example as she not only embraced the CLTS philosophy, but went further to start hygiene practices such as “regularly washing her hands with soap.” Children can also play a crucial role in providing information to the facilitator, as they are more open and honest about the practices going on in their communities. In addition to children, further steps in post-triggering have been found to be necessary. The facilitators and government officials had to be told to let to community dictate the progress and continuous training had to occur to prevent them from intervening in the process. Another Sierra Leone community, Ogoo Farms, found that they lacked technical support in designs and needed further advice about construction to continue with their community development. Additional support had to be paired with reminders of the health risks involved with OD habits to ensure that the behavioral changes were

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