Essay on Sierra Leone, Overcoming Challenges

2125 Words 9 Pages
“High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free”, is the national anthem of a rich and diverse country named Sierra Leone (“Sierra Leone”, 2013). Many believe that the names of capital cities or specific emblems always have a meaning behind them, and that is the case for this country in particular. Although the country as a whole has suffered detrimental set backs in their economics system due to civil war, violence, and enclave production; there still exists a strong Sierra Leonean people and culture full of hope for a brighter future. Portuguese navigators were the first to explore the land of Sierra Leone back in 1462 (“Sierra Leone”, 2013). Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa with the Atlantic Ocean providing a coastline of …show more content…
This plays a major role in farming and agriculture. The country flag has three horizontal stripes, the first being green, the second white, and the third blue. The green stripe signifies agriculture, mountains, and natural resources (“Sierra Leone”, 2013). The white strip signifies unity and justice, and the blue strip signifying the sea and national harbor in Freetown (“Sierra Leone”, 2013). Some natural resources found in Sierra Leone are rutile, bauxite, gold, platinum, chromite, and diamonds; the resources most used to economically assist the county are diamonds (Healey, C. 2011). Furthermore, in the 18th century is when the British controlled and occupied the west coastal area of Africa for slave trade (“Sierra Leone”, 2013). Sierra Leone was the perfect location for many corrupt businessmen interested in the slave trade, and became a central point for transporting slaves to the Americas. Many African’s were forcefully taken from their home and families all over the country of Africa were sold into slavery. These individuals who were captured and sold faced harsh traumatic treatment during the process. However, around 1807 through the 1860’s the British outlawed slavery and Sierra Leone became the site of resettlement for free slaves (“Sierra Leone”, 2013). Not only were ex- slaves taken back to Sierra Leone, but African troops who fought with the British in the
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