Sigmund Freud And Erickson's Developmental Theories

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A Comparison and Contrast of Freud and Erickson’s Developmental Theories The issue of human development has been a pertinent one within the human society. In this respect, there are several developmental theories that have been forwarded by some of the world’s most renowned psychologists. The two main psychoanalytic theories of concern are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Sigmund Freud was a supporter of Erikson’s psychosocial theory and thus his theory is similar to the latter’s albeit several differences. The two psychologists both believed that a human’s development occurs in a series of predetermined stages. However, unlike the psychosexual theory by Freud the psychosocial theory mainly…show more content…
Freud describes the last stage in development as the genital stage where the child develops sexual interests towards the opposite sex. Additionally, the child outgrows his or her personal interests and develops a sense of concern for communal wellbeing within the society. The main measure of success for this stage is noted in the balance between the various aspects of life. Erikson describes his first developmental stage as the trust vs. mistrust stage. In this stage, the infant is highly dependent on the consistency of its caregivers for survival and derives trust and the feelings of trust, comfort and safety from a trust association. The second stage is autonomy vs. shame and doubt (Hayes, 1999). During this stage, Erickson believed a child develops a greater sense of control through training towards achieving feelings of control and independence. The third stage is the initiative vs. guilt stage. During this stage, the children start to assert their authority and control over their areas of influence through play and other social interactions. The fourth stage is Industry vs. Inferiority where the child is mainly concerned with the acquisition of new skills, leading to a sense of self-gratification after successful acquisition of new skills and abilities. However, Erickson notes that this is highly dependent upon parents and teachers encouragement and support to the young ones (Jarvis, & Chandler, 2001). The fifth stage is described as the Identity vs. Role
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