Sigmund Freud And Erik Erikson

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The psychoanalytic perspective was predominantly attained by parents of children with emotional problems 70- 80 decades ago. The discontinuous psychosexual and psychosocial theory takes place in stages in one course moving through drives that are biological along with societal expectations (Berk, 2013). The contributions to this perspective include both Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Freud examined psychosexual theory and how those first childhood years of drives shape the personality. Thus, such drive names are the id, ego, and superego. The id emergences in the early stages of infancy, between 3 to 6 years of age the superego or conscience appears and are shaped by parents and conforms to society’s expectations. Moreover, Freud…show more content…
In continuation from Freud 's theoretical perspective, Erik Erikson overlaps in theory and expansion with Freud’s five stages and adding three adult stages (Berk, 2013). However, Erikson differs from Freud in various regards. In addition to expanding on psychosexual stages above childhood, Erikson focuses additional importance on historical and social influence (Feist & Feist, 2006). In fact, Erik Erikson, psychosocial stages theory suggests the significance over-all psychosocial development between the parent-child relationship (Leggett, 2017). Erikson postulates that the first stage infants seek their basic essential needs relies on trust versus mistrust, which is parental responsiveness that helps infants to determine the first year of psychological conflict (Leggett, 2017), for example. Subsequently, throughout the second stage of autonomy versus shame and doubt, a toddler pursues further independence and can experience discouragement if feeling shame (Leggett, 2017), for instance. In his psychosocial theory, Erikson suggests that negotiations amongst the id desires and the influences of the superego, the ego creates a beneficial developmental influence, attaining ways of thinking and creating abilities which make individuals contributing and active family and community members (Dunkel & Sefcek. 2009). Interestingly, Erikson writes that although the interaction between the
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