Sigmund Freud And Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosexual Development

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2 Parental actions can influence both positive and negative developments in the personalities of children. These developments begin at birth and continue throughout the lifespan. Parenting can be difficult at times, but what one must remember is that the actions of parents in the early stages of their children’s life can be the most significant. Of all the theorists who have studied the development of personality, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson have been the most influential in explaining how parents can affect the developing personalities of their children. The works of Sigmund Freud are some of the most well-known and most criticized parts of Psychoanalytic Theory. Freud believed “that the basis for adult personality resided in the infant and his experiences” (Lazarus, 1961, p.138). Freud’s theory of psychosexual development was One of his major and controversial contributions to psychological thought…the psychosexual theory emphasizes the systematic changes in personality structure in childhood and links these to the development of the adult personality. It stresses the psychosexual aspect of early childhood as the central force in the formation of the personality (Lazarus, p. 146). Each stage of Freud’s theory can have either positive or negative outcomes, which are dependent upon the parenting techniques utilized during said stages.
FREUD’S THEORY OF PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT 3 According to Roeckelein, Roeckelein, and
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