Sigmund Freud And The Pychoanalytic Theory Of Development
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Noted by Sigmund Freud (1894,1896) and further developed and elaborated on by Anna Freud (1937), defense mechanisms operate at an unconscious level preventing an individual from experiencing unpleasant feelings and making good things better for the individual. The defense mechanisms or ego defense mechanism as it is sometimes called, stems from the psychoanalytic theory of development. Founded by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the psychoanalytic theory of development argues the notion that interactions among three components (the id, ego and superego) of the mind result in human behaviour. The theory emphasizes the role of the unconscious psychological conflict in shaping human behaviour and personality. It is believed that these fundamental parts of the mind, through dynamic interactions progresses through five psychosexual stages of development.
Prior to the development of the psychoanalytic theory of development, several factors occurred which contributed to and influenced Freud in the development of the psychoanalytic theory of development and defense…show more content… Freud studied the cause of posttraumatic disorders and observed an increasing desire by the mind of these individuals to replay this traumatic experience. After further examinations, Freud noted that human cells had an instinctual energy which caused them to return to the state of nonexistence which he later called the death drive (Thanatos). In 1936, Freud’s youngest child Anna Freud (1895-1982) elaborated on her father’s ideas after his death. The defense mechanisms or ego defense mechanisms though were referred throughout Freud’s works, it was his daughter Anna who elaborated on and expanded the list. The ego defense mechanisms according to Freud was primarily considered to be repression which is the rejecton of thoughts, impulses or fantasies from conscious awareness (W.Crain, 2014,