Sigmund Freud On Modern Psychology And Schools Of Thought

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Introduction: Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939), a Jewish Viennese doctor, developed psychoanalysis at the end of the 19th Century as a form of therapy which seeks to cure mental disorders and their physical manifestations by ‘investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind’ (Concise Oxford Dictionary).
Freud’s work and philosophy played a large part in the development of Western liberal humanist understanding of meaning and purpose. Freud believed that the goal of the adult human being should be to liberate ourselves from “repressed” traumas and consequently become “free to love and work again”. Freud placed heavy emphasis on the personal solving of problems, believing that things wouldn’t change if you didn’t
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Inspired by Breuer, Freud posited that neuroses had their origins in deeply traumatic experiences that had occurred in the patient 's past. He believed that the original occurrences had been forgotten and hidden from consciousness. His treatment was to empower his patients to recall the experience and bring it to consciousness, and in doing so, confront it both intellectually and emotionally. He believed one could then discharge it and rid oneself of the neurotic symptoms. Freud and Breuer published their theories and findings in Studies in Hysteria (1895).
After a while working together, Breuer ended their collaboration, feeling that Freud placed far too much emphasis on the sexual aspect of the patient’s neuroses, and was unwilling to consider other alternative viewpoints. Freud would go on to continue to refine his own arguments and in 1900 would publish a work titled The Interpretation of Dreams.
Freud was a known atheist, and adamantly refused to consider any form of religious belief a solution to the problems he sought to answer. He viewed Religion as a form of psychological neurosis and distress, often suggesting that it was a kind of wish fulfilment, or perhaps an attempt at controlling the Oedipal complex. In his book New
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