Sigmund Freud 's Defense Mechanisms

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Sigmund Freud: Defense Mechanisms Sigmund Freud was a psychoanalytic theorist and practitioner who strongly emphasized the unconscious processes and biological drives that guide our behavior. He asserted that instincts are the propelling forces of our personality, and that they originate in the id (the unconscious part of our personality that works on the pleasure principle, and is a reservoir of our instincts and libido). In addition to the id, we have the ego (the conscious, rational side of our personality that works on the reality principle) and the superego (the largely unconscious, moral side of our personality that contains our conscience). In addition to conceptualizing five psychosexual stages that cover childhood and…show more content…
I use this defense mechanism relatively often. For example, I’m a very irritable person. Therefore, I get angry at people often. The other day, I was in an argument with my brother and we were both becoming very frustrated. Rather than giving into my id impulse, which was to hit my brother, I sublimated that impulse into something else – exercise. Instead of fighting my brother, I decided to go to the gym. Alfred Adler: Striving for Superiority and Fictional Finalism Alfred Adler was a psychological theorist who placed much emphasis on the uniqueness of each individual. Consequently, he disagreed with Freud, especially regarding Freuds idea of the universality of biological motives in every person. Adler proposed that inferiority is a function of the environment, and that it is the normal condition of all people. Furthermore, he asserted that inferiority is the source for human striving, because people compensate for feelings of inferiority by striving for higher levels of development. In other words, we strive for superiority, and we have a strong will to work towards perfection or completion. Additionally, Adler asserted that people have an imagined or potential goal that guides our behavior, which he called fictional finalism. I feel as though my behavior is guided by striving for superiority, and by fictional finalism. I strive for superiority on a daily basis, in most aspects of my life. First, I

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