Sigmund Freud 's ' Oedipus Complex ( Schultz & Sydney P. 42 )

3497 Words Jul 1st, 2015 14 Pages
For my final submission, I will be reviewing everything that I had learned in class, about psychology from the early days of Freud all the way to preset day.
Growing up, Freud’s father was strict and authoritarian; Freud felt superior to his father by the age of 2. His mother was protective and loving towards him, which led Freud to feel a passionate, sexual attachment to her. This situation set the stage for his Oedipus complex (Schultz & Sydney P. 42). Like this complex, most of Freud’s theories reflect his own childhood.
Freud later described personality as being made up of three structures, first, the Id. The Id is the aspect of personality that deals with instincts; it operates according to the pleasure principle. Freud described the pleasure principle as the principle by which the Id functions to avoid pain and maximize pleasure. The Id is a powerful structure of the personality because it supplies all energy for the other two components (Schultz & Sydney P. 49). The Id is a selfish, pleasure-seeking structure, primitive, amoral, insistent and rash. The second aspect of Freud’s theory of the Id, was primary-process theory, described as the childlike thinking by which the Id attempts to satisfy the instinctual drives (Schultz & Sydney P. 50).
Freud’s second structure of personality was called the Ego; this is the rational aspect of the personality. Ego is responsible for directing and controlling the instincts according to the reality principle (Schultz & Sydney P.…

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