Sigmund Freud 's ' Oedipus Complex ( Schultz & Sydney P. 42 )
3497 Words14 Pages
For my final submission, I will be reviewing everything that I had learned in class, about psychology from the early days of Freud all the way to preset day.
Growing up, Freud’s father was strict and authoritarian; Freud felt superior to his father by the age of 2. His mother was protective and loving towards him, which led Freud to feel a passionate, sexual attachment to her. This situation set the stage for his Oedipus complex (Schultz & Sydney P. 42). Like this complex, most of Freud’s theories reflect his own childhood.
Freud later described personality as being made up of three structures, first, the Id. The Id is the aspect of personality that deals with instincts; it operates according to the pleasure principle. Freud described the…show more content… Freud described the reality principle as being governed by the Ego, which controls the instant gratification mentality of the Id. Lastly is the Superego, which is the moral aspect of personality. It is the internalization of parental and societal values and standards. Freud thought that this aspect was developed by the age of 5 or 6 and consist initially of the rules established by our parents (Schultz & Sydney P. 51). The belief that this aspect of our personality being completely developed by the age of 5 or 6 is one of the concepts that Freud and Jung disagreed on.
Freud and Jung also disagreed on dream analysis and how to interpret dreams. Using dream analysis Freud thought that he could learn about an individual through the interpretation of their dreams. He thought that our experiences and desires would come to light in our dreams, even our sexually repressed desires. Freud also thought that different inanimate objects represented phallic symbols or hidden meaning in ones dreams (Schultz & Sydney P. 87). This is just another example of how Freud incorporated a sexual meaning or desire into his theories.
Like Freud, Carl Jung believed that dream analysis allowed for a window into the unconscious mind. However, unlike Freud’s theory about dream interpretation, Jung didn’t believe that content of all dreams were sexual or that they disguised their true meaning. Jung thought that dreams were more symbolic, that dreams could have different interpretations according to