Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology

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From a modern perspective, we can see that the results were produced by the hypnotic suggestion of a fluid draining from the body, a wonderful healing metaphor that wouldn’t be out of place in a 21st century hypnotherapy practice. Even Mesmer realized that the magnet had nothing to do with the cure. His system rested on the belief that illness was caused by depleted levels of animal magnetism, and that these could be replenished by the healer transmitting some of his own abundant magnetic force across the ether to the patient. The magnet was simply a device that allowed this to happen, along with the complex and lengthy sequence of hand gestures and touch known as the “mesmeric pass” (Kirsch, 1995).
Psychoanalysis was introduced by
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From the period of 1895 to roughly 1905, Freud 's innovations led to the development of his theory, all of which were developed from his clinical work with patients. Initially theoretical formulations led to the topographic model of the psyche, which Freud categorized into three different subsections: the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious. Further, Freud became more and more sophisticated in his technique of psychoanalysis, and he became particularly adept at using his patient’s subjective impressions of him to help the patient to discover the origins of the unconscious memories which led to the symptoms from which she suffered. Freud developed a theory that patients resisted remembering the trauma, and this resistance was evident in disruptions of the free association process. Such disruptions constituted what Freud called 'defenses, ' and, most notably, the defenses involved what Freud called 'transference, ' the transference of conflictual thoughts and feelings to the analyst. Freud also came to acknowledge that unconscious events are traceable in other phenomena, as well, including dreams, slips of the tongue, and in jokes (Antonacopoulou & Gabriel, 2001).
From his work with patients, Freud was eventually led to develop a more and more sophisticated theory of the human psyche
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