Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay

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Psychoanalysis is an approach to psychology that was made well known as a way to bring for the unconscious to the conscious. It is theorized that the memories that we store in our unconscious affects us, and can cause neurotic behaviors. The approaches also include Analytical, Individual. Three people that worked on these theories are Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler. Each of these men approached psychoanalysis in both similar and individual ways, and have their own theories that will be further discusses within this essay.
Sigmund Freud’s theory is said to have probed deeper into the human mind than the others that can before him. Part of his theory was about the mind. “On the surface is consciousness, which consists of those thoughts that are the focus of our attention now, and this is seen as the tip of the iceberg. The preconscious consists of all which can be retrieved from memory. The third and most significant region is the unconscious. Here lie the processes that are the real cause of most behavior.” (McLeod, S. A., 2013) He also later established the theory that psyche is composed of id, ego and surer ego. The id functions unconsciously in reaction to the pleasure principle or basic instincts. Ego grows form the id in early childhood, and helps to maintain good behavior. Lastly the superego also said to develop in childhood, is in charge of safeguarding that honorable standards are kept. In other words it encourages us to behave ourselves.
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