Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of The Mind And Behavior Essay

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Beginning around 1900, several key thinkers, artists and writers began to challenge traditional conventions as well as reject some of the major ideas of the Enlightenment, which was based on logic and reason. This new age of uncertainty began to challenge the core beliefs of the Enlightenment era. This new era came with exciting, unconventional ways of thinking and expression. Previous scientific beliefs were challenged by Sigmund Freud’s theories and previous ideologies of art were challenged by the various art movements of this era. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, which is a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst (Fiero, pg.384.) He challenged the enlightenment theory that humans were superior beings and that everything was based on reason. He challenged this belief by mapping the geography of the human mind. He proposed a model that became basic to psychology. This model is know as the study of the mind and behavior. His model shows the human psyche consisting of three parts: the id, the ego and the superego. The id is the primitive and instinctive component of personality. It consists of all the inherited components of personality that is present at birth. This includes sex drive i.e., the libido. The id is the impulsive (and unconscious) part of our psyche which responds directly and immediately to instincts. The ego develops in order to intercede between the
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