Sigmund Freud's Psycho Dynamics and Piaget's Cognitive Approaches to Psychology

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Describe and evaluate the theories of Sigmund Freud's psycho dynamic approach as an explanation of human behaviour. In the evaluation summarise and evaluate the cognitive perspective as an alternative explanation of human behaviour.

This essay is going to describe in depth and detail the theories of Sigmund Freud's psycho dynamic approach. The strengths and weakness as an evaluation of Sigmund Freud's work. A summary and evaluation of the cognitive perspective as an alternative of human behaviour will also be identified in this essay.

Sigmund Freud was born in the Czech Republic on 6 may 1856, was a neurologist who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis. He had a personal interest in hysteria a condition were psychical symptoms
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Freud's idea of the unconscious mind that of a vast, dark that holds a person's shameful experiences, immoral urges, irrational needs, unacceptable sexual desires, selfishness, violent motives and fears. This part of the mind is split into three areas: the id, ego and superego. The id is present from birth and is based upon the pleasure principle. Imagine a baby, unable to communicate at this stage but is very able to want and demand food, water and attention. For the baby its 'me, me, me', self centred and selfish, but the baby does not know it's dong this as it's still learning. On the over side of the scale we have superego, developing from about the age of five, that gives us morals. “The superego consists of two systems: The conscience and the ideal self. The conscience can punish the ego through causing feelings of guilt. For example, if the ego gives in to id demands, the superego may make the person feel bad though guilt”. ( www.simplypsychology.org, (2011) In the middle is the ego, the purpose of which is to meet the needs of the id but also to control the super ego. The ego controls how you behave in the real world around us, based on using common sense. The ego would also harbour defence mechanisms were it will try to protect us from conflict between the id and the super ego. “The ego possesses a remarkable capacity for life preserving distortion”. (Vaillant, 1995, pp 9).
Another of Sigmund Freud's theories is psycho

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