Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalysis Theory

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1) Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud, give an account of your understanding of the development of this approach. The central concept within Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis theory is the role of the unconscious. For Freud, psychoanalytic therapy focused on making the unconscious conscious, thus revealing the underlying, unconscious thoughts and motivations causing the disorders or anti-social behaviors from which they suffer. Bringing these underlying thoughts and motivations to the surface would then result in an effective cure by means of what Freud termed a "cathartic," or healing, experience. Generally, psychoanalysis is used to treat depression and anxiety disorders. When working with clients, psychoanalytic psychologists therefore focus on psychological problems as resulting from issues lodged in the unconscious mind (McLeod, 2007). In other words, manifest symptoms are assumed to be caused by latent, or hidden, disturbances in the unconscious mind. Examples of such hidden disturbances are unresolved issues during the development of the individual or trauma that has been repressed. When this repressed information is brought to the attention of the individual, it can be dealt with, which is assumed to then result in a cure for the disorder being treated. To extract this repressed information, Freud's therapeutic method began by relaxing the client and letting the person talk about his or her dreams and childhood memories. Depending upon the level of
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