Signage And Dementia

Decent Essays
The quality of the environment has an influence on those with dementia, so good design can help support a person with dementia. Good environment design comprises of the use of signage, lighting, flooring, seating and navigation as identified in the Small changes can make a big difference document. A popular restaurant on the beach front community of around 130, 000 thousand will be assessed in these design areas and how modifications can support a person with dementia as supported by current research.
Signage is an effective environmental supportive cue to assist people with dementia. However there is little known in current research about the impact of signage to help people with dementia. The restaurant inspected had one sign; four metes
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However, four years later Marquardt, Bueter, & Motzek, (2014) thirteen studies examined indicated signage efficacy. Toilet location is essential and should be signed (Pollock, & Fuggle, 2013) so it can help with a person’s navigation, independence and sense of security People with dementia that last colour of the spectrum that they see is yellow, so graphics on signs should be bright primary colours and because they look downward the sign should 1.4 metre from floor in their visual field (Lenham, 2013). Also Woodbridge, Sullivan, Harding, Crutch, Gilhooly, Gilhooly, & Wilson (2016) study established a sign with the word toilet and the arrow supported 44 people to enter and use the toilet independently and picture cues less effective .Therefore if the restaurant had a several toilet sign it would enable a person with dementia
Lighting is an important environmental factor to assist people with dementia. Nevertheless .current research is restricted about the impact of lighting to assist people with dementia. The restaurant had wonderful natural lighting as the front had no windows and directly opened on to the pathway. The front section and back lighting as discussed in the appendix, resulted in poor lighting in the back. Glare come from the white table tops and colour of the walls and roof was beige. The available restaurant lighting
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Additionally Marquardt, Bueter, & Motzek, (2014) high lightened homelike environment improves eating and communication; Hence through changing the seating would lead to increased eating and socialisation for the person
Navigation or wayfinding is to find ones way in the world. Beginning research suggests building design can support a person with dementia navigate. The restaurant is located near the beach, yacht club and a jetty that has been town since 1863 and full of people which would an aid a person see it is a place for eating. These are visual cues that would help people find there way especially if you have lived in the town for a while. Seeing and understanding it is a restaurant is important (Pollock, & Fuggle, 2013).
To navigate individuals needs the cognitive skill to process spatial information and sensory information and the physical ability to move the spatial organisation and to perceive sensory information. Through dementia these processes are reduced (Ing, 2011). So visual cues are a optimistic intervention to help individuals find their way more easily. Research shows evidence that individuals with AD have difficulty with wayfinding, yet can still learn their way if the environment is supportive (Davis & Weisbeck, 2016, O’Malley,., Innes, & Wiener,
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