Significance Of Behaviorism And Functionalism

947 Words May 1st, 2015 4 Pages
Significance of Behaviorism
A rebellion against structuralism and functionalism began in 1913 with what was known as Behaviorism. This revolution was initiated by John B Watson in 1878 to 1958 (Ettinger, & Reed, 2013). According to the book Psychology Explaining Human Behavior (2013), Behaviorism is a scientific approach to the study of behavior that emphasizes the relationship between environmental events and an organism’s behavior, (Ettinger, & Reed, 2013). The goal of Behaviorism is to recognize the process by which stimuli and responses become linked or related with how we learn, (Ettinger, & Reed, 2013). Watson arose to believe that it was impossible to study the mind objectively, the complex human behavior could be evaluated in terms of simple learned associations which led to the early goals of Behaviorism, (Ettinger, & Reed, 2013).
Ettinger and Reed (2013), suggested the early goal of behaviorism was to find out what rules of association and how combinations of simple things in life we do lead to complex behavior, (Ettinger, & Reed, 2013). Ivan Pavlov and Edward Thorndike were both influenced by Watson’s work. This led to new ways of investigating and clues to the rules of association, (Ettinger, & Reed, 2013). Behaviorism was profound as an influence on many American psychologists which they began to call themselves behaviorists,(Ettinger, & Reed, 2013). Behaviorism distinctive nature was see by its emphasis upon an empirical, objective science of behaviorism…
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