Significance Of The Trial Scene In Merchant Of Venice

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With reference to the play, ‘Merchant of Venice', Describe in your own words, The Trial Scene.
The fourth Act, containing the grandest scene in the play, opens in the court of Justice in Venice. We know from the previous scenes that Portia has taken command and set the stage for the trial scene. She sent her servant Balthazar to Dr Bellario, the legal expert, for information regarding Antonio's case bringing his answers to the ferry at Venice. The scene begins with the Duke of Venice summoning Antonio and expresses his regret and sympathizes with Antonio because he was facing such a ‘stony adversary'. He says that he was an inhuman wretch who lacks even the smallest amount of compassion. All appeals of humanity have fallen on deaf ears. Antonio extends his gratitude to the
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He says it would be better if he asked the sea to reduce its tide, question the wolf why he made the ewe mourn for the lamb he devoured and forbid the pine trees of the mountains to sway when blown by strong winds. Shylock however obstinately refuses to dismiss the bond even for repayment of twice the original loan. The Duke tries to reason with Shylock, asking him to have mercy in order to gain mercy, but Shylock argues that, since he has purchased his pound of flesh, it is his to do with as he likes justifying his claim by stating how the Christians treat their slaves.
Portia and Nerissa show up disguised, respectively as a young lawyer and a clerk, just as the Duke is ready to allow Shylock to claim his bond. In the meanwhile, Bassanio tries to cheers up Antonio by saying that he will force the Jew to take his own flesh, blood and bones before the before Antonio loses a drop of blood but Antonio says that he is the tainted sheep and the rotten fruit. As Shylock prepares his knife, Gratiano loses his cool and abuses him calling him wolf-like with ravenous

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