Sikhism Essay

1459 Words Mar 1st, 2007 6 Pages
Sikhism
Sikhism is the youngest of the world fifth great monotheistic religions. In 1801, the Sikh state was founded in Northern India by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The word ‘sikh' the Punjabi language means ‘disciple' or ‘learner'. Sikhs are the disciple of god who follow the writings and teachings of the ten Sikh guju's (teacher). The wisdom of these teachings in SRI GUJU GRANTH SHAIB is practical and Universal in their appeal to all mankind.
Sikhism was founded by Shri Guju Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1538) who was born in the Punjab area of what now is Pakistan. Guru Nanak began his mission after a mysterious three-day disappearance at the river bein near Sultanpur. When he re-emerged, he announced that god was beyond outward religious
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He declared that the Guruship would be shared between the Sikh Holy scriptures, called "The Guru Granth Sahib". And the community of Sikhs is called the Panth. Sri Guru Granth Sahib consists of hymns and writings of the first ten Gurus, along with religious text from different Muslims and Hindus saints like: Kabir Ji, Baba Sheik, Farid Ji, BhagatRav Dass Ji, etc. The Sri Guru Granth Singh is considered the 11th and final Guru and the Sikh's holiest religious text. It was made so by Sri Guru Gobind Singh. During the times of the Gurus, Sikh places of worship were referred to as Dharmasalas. ("Sikhism") They were places were Sikh could gather to here the Guru speaks or sings hymns. As the Sikh population continued to grow, Guru Hargobind introduced the word "Gurudwara", meaning the gateway through which the guru could be reached. (Hopfe-198)
There are three functions, which are carried out, in all public Gurudwara. One is kirtan, which is the singing of hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib. Second one is Katha, which is the reading of the Guru Granth Sahib and explanations. And the third main function is carried out at every Gurudwara is the langar, free community kitchen for all visitors of all religions. In Gurudwara, the Guru Granth Sahib is put on a special platform under a canopy. Worshippers bow or prostrate themselves before it as they enter the temple, and leave offering next to it. The most significant historical religious center for the