Similar To The Last Chapter, Chapter Four Focuses On Social

1400 WordsMay 5, 20176 Pages
Similar to the last chapter, chapter four focuses on social labels within the criminal justice system and social institutions that control the adolescent’s lives. At an early stage in the boy’s lives they are labeled and categorized by police, school personnel, their families, and society. Police are regularly called into schools and community centers because the boys behave appears threatening or the authority figure miss interprets the boy’s actions because of the stereotype they have labeled them. The boys felt a constant presence of brutalization and negativity among their community. As well, the boys reported feelings of isolation and uncertainty because of the lack of community support and few opportunities to better themselves.…show more content…
The boys grew frustrated with the treatment they received, whether they were behaving and doing well or deviating they were treated as criminals by others. The boys would resist criminalizing treatment by acting out to maintain their dignity and respect. As one boy states. They felt a sense of accomplishment and pride in having won a small battle in a war that was wearing them down piece by piece. Rios then goes into chapter six by explaining how masculinity is both used against and used for advantage by the adolescent boys of Oakland. Society and authority figures constantly told the boys that to become a man they had to obey the rules and laws without engaging in deviant ruthless behavior. The boys felt that they had been placed in a lose-lose situation. To compensate, the boys adopted a hyper-masculine personality so that they could feel like they had some control over their lives. The hyper-masculine persona allowed the boys to feel powerful, tough, manly, and invincible to officer brutality. However, with the increased sense of defiance the boys were brutalized and victimize even more. The boys reported taking on hyper-masculine behaviors in juvenile centers and prisons to prevent victimization. Masculinity plays a crucial role in the lives of the young men on the street in connection to the biased criminal justice system that pushes the boys into
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